International Journal of Educational Technology and Learning <p>The International Journal of Educational Technology and Learning (IJETL) is a peer-reviewed academic journal published by Scientific Publishing Institute.</p> Scientific Publishing Institute en-US International Journal of Educational Technology and Learning 2523-0581 Hour of Code and its Cultural Educative Impact on Preschool, Basic Education and Middle School <p>At the present time, information and communication technologies integrate learning through a ubiquitous formation, which permits access to formative resources. Hour of Code is a global movement that is currently exerting a great impact in more than 180 countries, as well as being a spectacular development of opportunities in distinct activities and projects according to the age of the participants. The fundamental objective of this great event is to increase the growth of the use of the program within the educative ambit to foster creativity and logical thinking, highlighting that no experience is needed to learn to program and to develop problem-solving skills. For student of basic education, the term “program” implies a series of codes that makes them think about a world of ideas, but one that they consider to be difficult to achieve on inserting them into their computer. This is due to lack of knowledge on programming. In the face of this context, the Centro Universitario de la Ciénega (CUCiénega) in Mexico has generated the idea of providing students from preschool and basic education a first contact with the world of programming. This is a student-centered interdisciplinary proposal that encompasses the development of cognitive skills at all learning levels; the purpose of the present article was to orient reflection concerning the development of thinking and creativity skills, conceiving of these as revitalizing learning factors..</p> Ma del Carmen Nolasco ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-02-14 2018-02-14 2 2 36 40 10.20448/2003.22.36.40 Effectiveness of PBL through Concept Map to Improve Problem Solving Skills of Primary School Students <p>Effectiveness of PBL Through Concept Map to Improve Problem Solving Skill of Primary School Students, 2017. This research aims to knowing the effectiveness of Problem Based Learning (PBL) through concept maps as to improve problem solving skill for primary school students. Research conducted in March-June 2016 at a primary school in Surakarta The method in this research is the research experiments with models of post test only control design. The study subjects consisted of three schools as a control group and three schools as experimental groups. Uji effectiveness using independent t-test to tell the difference between a group test results mean experimental and control group. The results of the independent t-test between experimental group and the control group on three pairs of States that t count is larger than the t table.The results of the independent t-test between eksperiment 1 and control 1 tcalculate 5.065&gt;table t = 2.000. The results of the independent t-test between eksperiment 2 and control 2 tcalculate 8.341&gt;ttable1.990.The results of the independent t-test between eksperiment 3 and control 3 shows tcount 5.262&gt;ttable 2.000. The third pair of shows there is a significant difference between the group's experiments with the control group, then the stated learning is more effective than with the learning of problem solving.</p> Issufiah Dwi Nuryati Sunardi . Sri Anitah W. Gunarhadi . ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-02-14 2018-02-14 2 2 41 47 10.20448/2003.22.41.47 Assessment of Intercultural Competence as an Outcome of Internationalization in Educational Centers <p>One meaningful outcome of internationalization efforts is the development of intercultural competent students. The purpose of this study was to determine a definition and appropriate assessment methods of intercultural competence as agreed upon by a panel of nationally-known intercultural experts. This information was validated by a sample of higher education administrators and can be used by administrators in identifying and assessing intercultural competence as an outcome of internationalization efforts. Primary findings include a preference for a general definition of intercultural competence. Moreover, the definition of intercultural competence continues to evolve as scholars refine the term further through on-going research and the group agreed that it is possible to assess degrees of intercultural competence and in so doing, that it is best to use a mix of quantitative and qualitative methods to assess intercultural competence, including interviews, observation, and judgment by self and others.</p> Solmaz Zanganeh ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-02-14 2018-02-14 2 2 48 53 10.20448/2003.22.48.53 Influence of Parenting Styles on the Academic Performance of Secondary School Students in Ethiope East Local Government Area Delta State <p>This study investigated the influence of parenting styles on academic performance of students in Ethiope East Local Government Area of Delta State, Nigeria. Three research hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. Several Literatures that are related to this study were reviewed. One hundred and twenty (120) copies of questionnaire were administered to one hundred and twenty (120) sampled students from four (4) secondary schools to generate data. Their responses were tallied and put in frequency tables and the Pearson Product Moment Correlation Co-efficient (r) was used for the analysis. The findings indicated the following: that there is no significant relationship between authoritarian parenting style and academic performance of secondary school students. Secondly, that there is no significant relationship between permissive parenting style and academic performance of secondary school students. Finally, that there is a significant relationship between authoritative parenting style and academic performance of secondary school students. Based on the findings, it was concluded that parenting styles have some measure of influence on the academic performance of secondary school children. This is because parents set goals and dictate the pace at which such children should go in most cases in the sampled population. For further studies and necessary action, some recommendations were made. Parents should be encouraged to use reinforcers to motivate children towards academic excellence. Secondly, parents should be directly involved in the educational process of their children. Finally, children should be given some measure of freedom to exercise their creative and learning potentials to think for themselves and take some decisions.</p> Rev FR DR Jude J. Obiunu ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-02-14 2018-02-14 2 2 54 58 10.20448/2003.22.54.58 The Critical Discourse Analysis of Language Teacher’s Instructional Decisions <p>Teacher’s decision making is an instant indicator of the discourse activities in the context of education. A critical discourse analysis of the language teacher’s classroom decisions is able to give an insight into the essence of discourse of teacher authority, power, and morality sneaking in classroom teaching at the micro and macro levels, and then understand the force that the hidden power of discourse relations acts on the subject and the object of teaching in the field of educational discourse, the way school discourse communicates as well, hoping teachers, students, language, knowledge being in harmony and free in the context of education.</p> Zhang Youwen ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-02-14 2018-02-14 2 2 59 64 10.20448/2003.22.59.64