Role of British Colonial Education on Reduction of Illiteracy for Wasukuma 1918-1961: A Case of Shinyanga District Tanzania

  • Kaligilwa Jeremiah Mwenge Catholic University Moshi, Tanzania


This study assessed the role of British Colonial Education on the reduction of Illiteracy for Wasukuma of Shinyanga Rural District from 1918-1961. It took place in Shinyanga Rural because for years especially after independence Wasukuma were claimed to be behind in development compared to other ethnic groups such as the Chagga people. From the study conducted, responses given show how illiteracy was one of the challenges these people were facing the reason that made the researcher find out the role of British Colonial Education on a reduction of illiteracy for Wasukuma societies. The objective of this study was to assess the people's perception of the roles of British Colonial Education on the reduction of illiteracy for Wasukuma. Emphasis was put on the positive aspects British colonial education has contributed to illiteracy reduction for Wasukuma and also some few negative aspects of British colonial education are involved in the study. Considering the nature of the study being historical, the researcher employed qualitative research approach by using a case study strategy. The data collection methods included interviews, focus group discussion, documentary review and the use of open-ended questions. The study had a total of 90 respondents where the majority were elders making the total of 70, 5 doctors, 5 secondary school teachers, 5 district administrators who happened to work in colonial and early post-colonial times in Tanganyika and had the colonial experience. Findings revealed that British colonial education had played a great role on illiteracy reduction among Wasukuma societies and other ethnic groups in Tanzania and Africa in general. Study shows that colonial education by the British contributed in educating people on matters such as hygiene, time management, agricultural methods, trade and even primary education which later awakened people on their rights as a free being
Keywords: Education, Colonial education, Essence of education, Postcolonial education, Illiteracy


Download data is not yet available.


Arie, J. V. (2004). Independence of Africa. Chicago. Chicago University Press.
Arie, J.V. (1977). Education in Colonia Africa: The German Experience. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Buckler, H. (1996). A History of the World Societies since 1500. 4th Edn. New York: MacMillan Publisher.
Cory, H. (1962). Sheria za Kawaida za Wasukuma. Dar es Salam: Government Printer.
Data. (1992). History and Development of Africa. Tanzania. TMP Printing Department. Tabora
Ishumi, A.G. (1978). Education with Development. Tanzania: National Printing Company Limited.
Kneller, F.M. (1967). Foundations of Education. London: John Wiley and Sons Inc.
Masudi, M.(2004). Anatomy of Enculturation: Transforming the Church in Africa. Nairobi: Pauline’s Publications.
Morgan, K. (2004). The Birth of Industrial Britain Social Change (1750-1850). Library of Congress Cataloguing in Publication. Great Britain.
Morrison, J. (1989). Education and Politics in Africa. The Tanzanian Case. Heinemann Publisher. London
Morrison, J. (1977). History of Education in Africa. London: Heinemann Publisher..
Nyerere, J. K. (1968). Ujamaa: Essays on Socialism. Dar es Salam: Oxford University Press.
Nyerere, J. K. (1973). Ten Years after Independence: Freedom and Development. Springer Publisher. Dar es Salam.
Nyerere, J. K. (1980). Historia ya Chama cha TANU. Dar es Salaam. Springer Publisher.
Nyerere, J. K. (1978). Chama Cha Mapinduzi. Dar es Salaam. Springer Publisher.
Njorege, R. J. (1986). Philosophy and Education in Africa. Nairobi. Transafrica.
Udo, B. (1983). The Adaption Concept in British Colonial Education. London: Taylor and Francis Limited.
Zakayo, J.M. (1984). Post Literacy and Continuing Education in Tanzania. Dar es Salam: Springer Publisher.
Zakayo, J. M. (1980). Education Systems in Tanzania: Post Colonial Experience. Dar es Salaam. Springer Publisher.
358 Views | 0 Downloads
How to Cite
Jeremiah, K. 2018. Role of British Colonial Education on Reduction of Illiteracy for Wasukuma 1918-1961: A Case of Shinyanga District Tanzania. International Journal of Educational Technology and Learning. 4, 1 (Jul. 2018), 25-33. DOI: